Living in a world completely driven by digital transformation, technology is redefining the ways we connect and interact with others. From health care and smart cars to automated factories and smart cities powered by AI, disruptive technology trends are relentlessly transforming industries for the better.

Smart technologies are accelerating, and the very fabric of farming is changing with it. Agriculture today is a highly profitable opportunity, and the global smart agriculture market size is set to triple over the next few years. Here are the top four uses of smart farming in agriculture today.

1. Crop management

Smart farming allows for better crop management by using devices to collect data on factors that can affect crop farming. These devices are placed in fields where they gather important farming statistics such as temperature, precipitation levels and leaf water potential while also gauging the general health of the plants. The data enables farmers to thoroughly analyse their crops and quickly identify any diseases or pests that could be harming the yield. This helps them resolve any issues that could damage their crops at an early stage in the crop cycle.

2. Observing climate conditions

This is one of the most common applications of smart farming. Weather stations that are connected to a number of smart farming sensors are positioned at strategic locations throughout the field. These stations collect a host of valuable environmental data and send it to the cloud, where it can be studied by farmers and crop specialists. The collected data can be used to predict climate conditions, which helps farmers choose the right crops and make informed choices about their future farming options.

3. Monitoring cattle

Similar to crop management devices, cattle monitoring devices allow farmers to monitor the health of their livestock with sensors that can be attached to animals. These smart farming sensors provide data such as health, nutrition, temperature and activity on every individual cow as well as information about the collective well-being of the herd.

4. Greenhouse automation

With smart farming, farmers can automate greenhouses to adjust the conditions of their internal environment to match a given set of parameters. This allows farmers to achieve the exact conditions that they wish to maintain inside their greenhouses for optimal plant health and crop growth. The smart agricultural sensors in these greenhouses also help farmers control their irrigation and lighting systems remotely and easily.