The tremendous growth of the Internet of Things (IoT) has led to the adoption of technology in every aspect of our lives. The use of IoT and connected devices has penetrated various sectors including home automation, health monitoring, smart cities, and smart farming, among other applications.

In agriculture, the use of IoT and connected devices has resulted in the industry becoming more industrialised and technology driven. Below are some of the technologies helping realise the smart farming vision.

Animal monitoring and management

Some of the most useful smart farming technologies are animal monitoring and management devices that analyse animal health. A smart sensor is attached to the animal like a pet tag (for instance cow tagging) to record their health, temperature, activity, and nutritional requirements. These kinds of devices can be used to monitor an individual animal or an entire herd.

Greenhouse automation

Products such as Farmapp and Green IQ help source environmental and weather data and adjust greenhouse parameters to match. Green IQ also has smart agriculture sensors that allow you to manage the irrigation and lighting system in your greenhouse remotely.

Crop management

Crop management tools are placed on the field to collect data such as temperatures and precipitation that is specific to crop farming. With this data, you can easily monitor your crops and prevent any anomalies and infestations before they attack.

Comprehensive farm management systems

A farm management system includes IoT devices and sensors with in-built accounting and analytical capabilities and is controlled from a centralised dashboard. With this product, you can remotely monitor all the activities of your farm.

Climate monitors

This is probably the most popular smart farming device. It uses various smart farming sensors to create a weather station. The sensors are placed in different parts of your farm where they collect data and send it to a cloud-based datacentre. The data collected is used to map the climatic conditions of your farm, enabling you to choose the most appropriate crop.

Smart farming devices have transformed agriculture in many ways. You can use the data collected by those devices to determine how well your farming business is doing. In addition, you get better control of the internal processes of your farm, hence, reducing possible risks.

Crops by Psylicium licensed under Creative Commons 4.0